Mango is native to southern Asia, specifically Burma and eastern India. It is currently cultivated worldwide in subtropical and tropical regions.
The fruits are 2 to 9 inches long. They are kidney, oval, or round in shape and weigh between 8 and 24 ounces. The skin is smooth yet leathery.
Mango fruit matures 100 to 150 days after flowering. The flavor is best when the fruit is allowed to ripen on the tree.
Upon ripening, the fruit varies in color according to species. It can appear pale green or yellow with marks of reddish coloring.
Want to know more about mangos?
Research has shown antioxidant compounds in mango fruit have been found to protect against colon, breast, leukemia and prostate cancers.
One cup of sliced mangoes supplies 25 percent of the needed daily value of vitamin A, which promotes good eyesight and prevents night blindness and dry eyes.
Mango leaves help normalize insulin levels in the blood. Mango fruit also have a relatively low glycemic index (41-60) so moderate quantities will not spike your sugar levels.
The large amounts of vitamin C and vitamin A in mangos, plus 25 different kinds of carotenoids keep your immune system healthy and strong.